Stacks Image 111
Stacks Image 114

Samilia Foundation, located in Brussels, has been created in 2007 to make the fight against trafficking in human beings a Belgian and European priority. Samilia is active in the field of fighting sexual exploitation and labour exploitation:
Actions of Samilia Foundation :
• Prevention in countries of origin (mainly Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Ivory Coast)
• Awareness raising in countries of origin and in countries of destination
• Social inclusion programmes in countries of origin with Private Sector partners from Belgium
• Awareness raising actions targeting politicians and magistrates and alert about new phenomena
• Cooperation on international projects

Samilia Foundation has been mandated to organize this Conference on behalf of Minister Joelle Milquet and Minister Najat Vallaud-Belkacem who are very keen to put women’s rights at the center of the political agenda.

Why the 1949 NY Convention?
The 1949 NY “Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others » remains the only legal text today that clearly mentions the exploitation of Prostitution of others, it sets clear guidelines that States which have ratified it have to follow, but many States are not in line with these:

The Convention requires state signatories to punish any person who "procures, entices or leads away, for purposes of prostitution, another person, even with the consent of that person", "exploits the prostitution of another person, even with the consent of that person", run brothels or rent accommodations for prostitution purposes. It also prescribes procedures for combating international traffic for the purpose of prostitution, including extradition of offenders.

Some figures
The ILO report issued in June 2012 covering the period of 2002-2011 estimates the number of victims of forced labour, including forced sexual exploitation, to be 20.9 million at a global level, with an estimate of 5,5 million of children. This estimate is considered conservative. Within the European Union, 880.000 people are trapped in forced labour.

The Global Report of UNCOD of December 2012 states the below percentages between 2007 and 2010 :

The trafficking of children has increased to 27 % compared to 20% between 2003-2006,

Gender and age profile of victims

59 % are women
17% are girls:
14% are men
10 % are boys

Worldwide trafficking in persons for sexual exploitation is more frequent than trafficking for forced labour although there is an increase from 18% to 36% of trafficking for forced labour.

In western and Central Europe:
61 % are women
15% are girls:
20 % are men
4 % are boys

In Europe and Central Asia:
16% children
62% sexual exploitation
31% forced labour, slavery and servitude

There is a 13% decrease in convictions

Considering the increase of THB, with a particular focus on sexual exploitation and the exploitation of prostitution of others, the 2 Ministers have decided to join forces and gather other ministers of Equal Opportunities to put the fight against this type of crime a European top priority.

The 2 ministers in consultation with Samilia Foundation have decided to put forward objective studies in order to examine the plague of the exploitation of prostitution of others from a gender perspective.

EUROSTAT: First EU Statistical Data Report